Types of Buildings – Detailed Classification of Buildings and Structures

The building is a structure for whatever the purpose and of whatever material constructed used by human habitation or not and includes foundations, walls, roofs, floors, plumbing and building services, fixed platforms, chimneys, balcony or any other part of building constructed at one place. The government has categorized various types of buildings on the basis of requirement, safety, standards and usage.

What is Building?

A building is a structure constructed using any type of materials for a purpose like residential, industrial, educational or other.

A structure with a foundation, walls and roof standing in one place is known as building.

Types of Buildings:

Buildings are usually used for various needs such as shelter, industrial and many more. Buildings are categorized according to the need.

Buildings are classified into nine types based on occupancy are as follows,

  1. Residential Buildings
  2. Educational Buildings
  3. Business Buildings
  4. Industrial Buildings
  5. Assembly Buildings
  6. Institutional Buildings
  7. Storage Buildings
  8. Mercantile Buildings
  9. Hazardous Buildings

Read Also: Introduction of Building Construction

1. Residential Buildings:

A building which are provided for normal residential purpose with the facilities such as sleeping, dining, living and cooking. The residential buildings are of several examples such as Rooming Houses, Apartment Houses, Family Houses, Hotels, Flats, Halls, Hostels, etc.

2. Educational Buildings:

Any schools and colleges or any day core building which can be used for educational purposes for more than eight hours a week informing assembly comes under educational buildings. The building should promote the aggregation of educational and recreational activities. The institutions also include hostels related to educational campuses. The educational buildings are of examples such as Schools, Colleges, etc.

3. Business Buildings:

Any building or a part of building which is used for business purpose and used for transaction of business, work or accounts for purposes like shops, beauty salons, barber shops, banks, launch counters, food courts, breakfast stalls, professional corporate offices, in which serving businesses to less than 100 peoples are comes into the business buildings.

4. Industrial Buildings:

A building or a part of building in which a material or products are processed, fabricated, manufactured and assembled. The industrial buildings include assembly plants, factories, manufacturing units, smokehouses, power plants, sawmills, gas plants, textile mills, oil refineries, dairy plants and many more.

5. Assembly Buildings:

Any building or a part of a building like theaters, assembly halls, auditorium, museums, exhibition halls, club houses, dance halls, sports stadiums, transportation service such as bus stops, railway stations, airports, taxi stands, etc. where groups of people gather for entertainment, travel, religious purpose, programs or other similar works are included into the institutional buildings.

6. Institutional Buildings:

Any building or a part of building which are constructed by government, semi-government organizations or any registered trusts used for purposes like medical or other treatment, physical or mental illness institutes, auditoriums, children hospitals, old age homes, etc. are included into the institutional buildings.

7. Storage Buildings:

A building or a part of building which is primarily used for storage of goods, materials, food items, cold storages, warehouses, storage shelters, truck terminals, grain storage units, hangers, grain elevators, storehouses, freight depots, transit sheds, production storages, public garages, etc. are included into the storage buildings.

8. Mercantile Buildings:

A building or a part of building which is used for shops, stores, offices, showrooms, wholesales, retailer, retail goods or mercantile, markets, housing shops or other similar buildings are included into the mercantile buildings. Such buildings also accommodate offices, storage and services facilities for business.

9. Hazardous Buildings:

A building which is used as a storage handling manufactured a processing highly combustible or explosive materials and products which are liable to burn with extreme rapidity or which produce poisonous feeds and explosives, flames, toxic gases, highly corrosive substances, irritant, toxic liquids and any other similar hazardous particulates are included into hazardous buildings.

The types of buildings are classified according to the requirement. The quality and the life of building is depending upon the class of construction and quality of material used for construction and the maintenance of a building.

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